History Book – Remembering the Heroes of the Holocaust


NICK EICHER, HOST: Today is Monday, May 9th. Good morning! This is The world and all in it of WORLD Radio supported by the listeners. I am Nick Eicher.

MARY REICHARD, HOST: And I’m Mary Reichard. Next, the world history book. Sixty years ago, Israel began to honor those it called kind righteous, those who saved Jews during the Holocaust. Also, the first woman to swim from Cuba to Florida. But first, a Danish actor became a children’s author. This is Paul Butler.

PAUL BUTLER, REPORTER: We begin today, May 8, 1835. A Danish publisher publishes Hans Christian Andersen’s first collection of fairy tales in an unbound collection.

AUDIO BOOK: A soldier came walking along the high road. Left right. Left right. He had his backpack on his back…

The opening scene of “The Tinderbox” as read by Daniel Fraiser for Librivox.

Hans Christian Anderesen was born to an illiterate laundress. But his father could read and introduced Hans to literature as a child. After his father’s death, Andersen was sent to a local school, where he was abused. He hoped to become a writer, but his teachers discouraged him. So he worked as a tailor and an apprentice weaver instead.

At 14, he had enough money to move to Copenhagen, hoping to start an acting career. He eventually started writing and achieved some success, traveling around Europe on his earnings. He turned to writing for children in his mid-thirties.

AUDIO BOOK : Help me now, so I won’t be hanged, cried the soldier. And the dogs fell on the judges and all the counsellors; seized one by the legs and the other by the nose, and threw them several feet in the air, so that as they fell they were broken into pieces.

Most children’s stories at the time were intended as morality tales. Andersen hoped to entertain them instead. Critics weren’t amused. They did not approve of his informal style and the stories’ lack of moral character.

AUDIOBOOK: “I won’t be touched,” King said. But the bigger dog grabbed him and the queen and threw them after the others.

Andersen’s publisher released two more volumes over the next year and a half. Andersen returned to writing novels and even branched out into writing travelogues, but today he is best remembered for the 156 fairy tales he wrote during his career. life. His works have been translated into over 125 languages.

AUDIO BOOK : So they placed the soldier in the king’s carriage, and the three dogs ran ahead and shouted, “Hurray! The princess came out of the copper castle and became queen, which pleased her very much. The wedding festivities lasted a whole week and the dogs sat at the table and watched with all their eyes.

Then, a much more serious anniversary.

On Holocaust Remembrance Day, May 1, 1962, the Israeli government dedicates Avenue of the Righteous Among the Nations. The ceremony includes Holocaust survivors and the Gentiles who protected them by planting the first 11 trees on Bare Mount of Remembrance.

Irena Steinfeldt is the former director of the Righteous Among the Nations Department at Yad Vashem.

STEINFELDT: Yad Vashem’s virtuous program is unique and unprecedented in the sense that I know of no other such program, where victims of terrible tragedy and crime go in search of members of the nations of the perpetrators , collaborators , and passers-by, and decorate them with a search for the right people, among authors and passers-by.

Today, the avenue, garden and center pay tribute to more than 27,000 men and women who risked their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust.

STEINFELDT: There is always the possibility for each person and even if he is a small farmer, or a small priest, or a schoolteacher, they can make a difference, they can make a difference in the world. And that’s what this program proves to us.

And finally, 25 years ago, on May 12, 1997:

NEWSCLIP: Welcome to America!

Australian long-distance swimmer Susie Maroney becomes the first woman to swim from Cuba to Florida, after failing the previous year.

MARONEY: You know, today I feel pretty bad, probably a little worse than yesterday.

She swam the 110 miles in a shark cage. The trip took 24 hours and 31 minutes, less than half the time she expected it to take.

MARONEY: I had a strong current behind us and also windy and we were very lucky…and that’s how it is in the Gulf Stream – you can have incredibly fast currents and we were very lucky even if it was hectic…

Maroney’s attempt 11 months earlier was stopped just 12 miles away due to seasickness and dehydration.

In a 2009 interview, she told the Life Changing Experiment program that the key to success in life is perseverance and the willingness to do what others wouldn’t:

MARONEY: I’ve never been the fastest swimmer. If I had stayed in my sport, I would never have made it to the Olympics because I wasn’t fast enough. But I thought to myself, if I hang on long enough, no one else will do what I’m doing, so I win in the end! [LAUGHTER]

It’s this week’s WORLD history book. I am Paul Butler.

WORLD Radio transcriptions are created on very short notice. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative recording of WORLD Radio programming is the audio recording.


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